Globally, water is a strategic natural resource, and managing it in a changing world requires new approaches.
According to many studies, it is estimated that in 2050, almost half of the world's population will face the problem of permanent or intermittent water shortages, either quantitatively or qualitatively.
Groundwater resources are of great value to society, but excessive and uncontrolled exploitation and pollution are potential threats to the conservation of this strategic resource. The very fact that they are located below the surface of the field all activities related to their research, monitoring, measurement, management become more complex.
To support efforts to implement water conservation goals, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 71/222, declaring the period from 2018 to 2028 the International Decade of Action, "Water for Sustainable Development".
The Goal no. 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals – SDGs by the United Nations is providing access and sustainable water management to 2030. Bearing the title “Clean drinking water and sanitation “.
Groundwater abstraction according to the concept of sustainable exploitation or exploitation of available - renewable groundwater resource has always been an inevitable necessity and a challenge for any researcher.
The ultimate goal is to carry out exploitation of groundwater to meet the various needs of the population and the economy, while maintaining good quantitative groundwater status.
The basic concept on which the methodology is based is the concept of "maintaining a good quantitative status" of groundwater, or "good environmental status" of groundwater that is met through the concept of exploitation of available amounts of groundwater, ie the concept of exploitation of renewable reserves of groundwater. In other words, the groundwater abstraction should be planned and implemented by following the concept of establishing and maintaining a mass balance between the exit and entry of water from and into the groundwater body.
The aim of the course is to identify the main problems and strategies related to water resources management as well as the application of new practices for sustainable water resources management, determination of their status and their protection. In doing so, the focus of the course will be on the analysis of specific cases of management, use and protection of groundwater in an urban environment which is defined as an environment with large amounts of available water resources, but also with management problems. It will analyse the aspect and the need for integrated surface and groundwater management in order to reinforce professional and technical capacity building in the analysis of the relations and interactions between surface and ground water resources.
This course will enable students to gain the necessary knowledge for sustainable water use and available water resource, getting acquainted with the latest legislation in domestic and foreign legislation in this area and practices in water resources management. Those who take this module will learn what is a water resource, how to identify and categorize it and how to assess the potential of groundwater and surface water resources.
Participants will be enabled and motivated to build up their knowledge by themselves and within teams.
This course will ultimately impart the skills needed to prepare reports related to the protection and sustainable management of groundwater.